The world today is founded and developed due to numerous scientific advancements in different sectors of medical science, engineering and technology. Scientists have used logic and pure brilliance to answer questions that have baffled us. The world would not have transformed the way it did, without these great personalities. These masterminds had inexplicable abilities that helped humankind define existence and human life. Their names are engraved in the endless pages of history because their inventions to improve the welfare of humanity have made our lives easy. The following list includes 5 of the most celebrated scientists who changed the world.
He was born in Pisa, Italy in 1564. Galileo is known as the ‘Father of Modern Science’ because of his discoveries in astronomy and physics. He made the first telescope to observe stars and planets. He discovered the law of pendulum as he watched a chandelier swing, in the cathedral of Pisa. He also discovered that the surface of the moon was not smooth but contained pits and holes, which we know today as craters. Galileo discovered four revolving moons around Jupiter which are named after him. He proved Copernicus right regarding his theory about the sun being the centre of the solar system.
Thomas Alva Edison:
Thomas Alva Edison was born in 1847. Edison patented a total of 1,093 inventions in his lifetime. Some of Edison’s designs are batteries, phonographs, cement, mining, telegraphs, lights and powers. He also improved the telephone made by Graham Bell and invented the Kinetoscope that was used for viewing moving films. Edison is the mastermind behind the digital voting system with his electro-graphic vote recorder for the legislative of the parliament. He came up with ideas to preserve fruits by keeping them in a vacuum. Edison pioneered the concept for storage batteries that was later used by Henry Ford in his automobile.
Marie Curie Sklodowska:
Marie Curie holds the record for the first female to be awarded a Nobel Prize. She was an inventor and scientist who was born in 1867 and is an inspiration for female scientists. Curie invented the first mobile X-ray machine which helped to check the injured soldiers on the battlefield. She also created Radium and Thorium. She is called “The Mother of Atom Bomb” with her invention of the radioactive materials.
He was a Serbian born scientist, and he had immense knowledge in different fields of science and technology. He was born in 1856 and inspires modern-day geeks. He could speak eight languages, recite a whole book entirely just with one reading, and make a device only by seeing it once and not writing down anything. He invented the alternating current motor and developed AC generation and transmission technology. Tesla also invented electric oscillators, meters, improved lights and the high-voltage transformer.
Einstein is known as one of the greatest revolutionary scientists the world. He was born in 1879 and has some spectacular works in physics which even makes him the ‘Father of Modern Physics’ for his contribution in developing the general theory of relativity. Einstein’s theory of relativity revolutionised physics and challenged the scientists at CERN. His genius mind for the scientific advancement caused an immense change in the world. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1921 for his work on theoretical physics, and for his discovery of the photoelectric effect.