Science is applied knowledge. The world will simply cease to exist without science. Science is an organised and systematic knowledge about something. Most of us believe that only biology, physics and chemistry are sciences, and this is where I would like to differ. If we have to go with the definition of science, anything that is systematic and organised is science. If that is the case, then economics is also science. Every single thing that we carry out in the world has a touch of applied science to it. With no further delay, let us see the different types of sciences.
Types of Science:
To better understand the branches of science, the first thing that we have to understand is its classification. The branches of science are broadly classified under Natural Sciences, Formal Sciences and Social Sciences. This classification justifies the fact that any stream of knowledge that is systematic, classified and organised is recognised as science. Now let us have a look at the seven major sciences that one ought to know.
The moment we hear the word science the first thing that comes to our mind is Biology which subsumes both Botany and Zoology within itself. So biology comprises of the study of the living organisms on earth. Right from plant species to the highest order of animal that is man, everything comes under the head Biology. Though there are different branches of science, the word has gone too synonymous with the concept of Biology
The next major part of natural science that includes the non-living things of the eco-system are covered under the head Physical Science. To understand better, we can also term them as the abiotic factors that the branches physics and chemistry talk about. Needless to say, Physical Science is the second half of natural sciences with Biology forming the first half.
Mathematics is adored as the Queen of Science, and it is now clear that Mathematics is also science in its true form. Mathematics is simply the number-counterpart of science. To make any data work well, you need both words and numbers. It is simply the best example of how mathematics and science co-exist. Nothing more organised and systematic as mathematics and that is why we call it science. Mathematics is one branch of science, and it comes under the head Formal sciences.
For all good reasons, you simply cannot avoid talking about economics when it comes to science. Economics, as a branch of science, is one of the significant concepts that science cannot ignore. Money is one of the modern abiotic factors if you know what I mean. It is not possible to exist without money, and for the same reason, you need economics as it forms a major part of your life. Economics is science, and it is classified under the head Social Sciences, as it studies human behaviour and the study of societies they form a part of.