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Types of Science that everybody should know about

Types of Science that everybody should know about

Science is applied knowledge. The world will simply cease to exist without science. Science is an organised and systematic knowledge about something. Most of us believe that only biology, physics and chemistry are sciences, and this is where I would like to differ. If we have to go with the definition of science, anything that is systematic and organised is science. If that is the case, then economics is also science. Every single thing that we carry out in the world has a touch of applied science to it. With no further delay, let us see the different types of sciences.

Science is applied knowledge. The world will simply cease to exist without science. Science is an organised and systematic knowledge about something. Most of us believe that only biology, physics and chemistry are sciences, and this is where I would like to differ. If we have to go with the definition of science, anything that is systematic and organised is science. If that is the case, then economics is also science. Every single thing that we carry out in the world has a touch of applied science to it. With no further delay, let us see the different types of sciences. Types of Science: To better understand the branches of science, the first thing that we have to understand is its classification. The branches of science are broadly classified under Natural Sciences, Formal Sciences and Social Sciences. This classification justifies the fact that any stream of knowledge that is systematic, classified and organised is recognised as science. Now let us have a look at the seven major sciences that one ought to know. Biology: The moment we hear the word science the first thing that comes to our mind is Biology which subsumes both Botany and Zoology within itself. So biology comprises of the study of the living organisms on earth. Right from plant species to the highest order of animal that is man, everything comes under the head Biology. Though there are different branches of science, the word has gone too synonymous with the concept of Biology Physical Science: The next major part of natural science that includes the non-living things of the eco-system are covered under the head Physical Science. To understand better, we can also term them as the abiotic factors that the branches physics and chemistry talk about. Needless to say, Physical Science is the second half of natural sciences with Biology forming the first half. Mathematics: Mathematics is adored as the Queen of Science, and it is now clear that Mathematics is also science in its true form. Mathematics is simply the number-counterpart of science. To make any data work well, you need both words and numbers. It is simply the best example of how mathematics and science co-exist. Nothing more organised and systematic as mathematics and that is why we call it science. Mathematics is one branch of science, and it comes under the head Formal sciences. Economics: For all good reasons, you simply cannot avoid talking about economics when it comes to science. Economics, as a branch of science, is one of the significant concepts that science cannot ignore. Money is one of the modern abiotic factors if you know what I mean. It is not possible to exist without money, and for the same reason, you need economics as it forms a major part of your life. Economics is science, and it is classified under the head Social Sciences, as it studies human behaviour and the study of societies they form a part of.

Types of Science:

To better understand the branches of science, the first thing that we have to understand is its classification. The branches of science are broadly classified under Natural Sciences, Formal Sciences and Social Sciences. This classification justifies the fact that any stream of knowledge that is systematic, classified and organised is recognised as science. Now let us have a look at the seven major sciences that one ought to know.

Biology:

The moment we hear the word science the first thing that comes to our mind is Biology which subsumes both Botany and Zoology within itself. So biology comprises of the study of the living organisms on earth. Right from plant species to the highest order of animal that is man, everything comes under the head Biology. Though there are different branches of science, the word has gone too synonymous with the concept of Biology

Physical Science:

The next major part of natural science that includes the non-living things of the eco-system are covered under the head Physical Science. To understand better, we can also term them as the abiotic factors that the branches physics and chemistry talk about. Needless to say, Physical Science is the second half of natural sciences with Biology forming the first half.

Mathematics:

Mathematics is adored as the Queen of Science, and it is now clear that Mathematics is also science in its true form. Mathematics is simply the number-counterpart of science. To make any data work well, you need both words and numbers. It is simply the best example of how mathematics and science co-exist. Nothing more organised and systematic as mathematics and that is why we call it science. Mathematics is one branch of science, and it comes under the head Formal sciences.

Economics:

For all good reasons, you simply cannot avoid talking about economics when it comes to science. Economics, as a branch of science, is one of the significant concepts that science cannot ignore. Money is one of the modern abiotic factors if you know what I mean. It is not possible to exist without money, and for the same reason, you need economics as it forms a major part of your life. Economics is science, and it is classified under the head Social Sciences, as it studies human behaviour and the study of societies they form a part of.

Top 5 greatest Scientists who changed the World

Top 5 greatest Scientists who changed the World

The world today is founded and developed due to numerous scientific advancements in different sectors of medical science, engineering and technology. Scientists have used logic and pure brilliance to answer questions that have baffled us. The world would not have transformed the way it did, without these great personalities. These masterminds had inexplicable abilities that helped humankind define existence and human life. Their names are engraved in the endless pages of history because their inventions to improve the welfare of humanity have made our lives easy. The following list includes 5 of the most celebrated scientists who changed the world.

Top 5 greatest Scientists who changed the World

Galileo Galilei:

He was born in Pisa, Italy in 1564.  Galileo is known as the ‘Father of Modern Science’ because of his discoveries in astronomy and physics. He made the first telescope to observe stars and planets. He discovered the law of pendulum as he watched a chandelier swing, in the cathedral of Pisa. He also discovered that the surface of the moon was not smooth but contained pits and holes, which we know today as craters. Galileo discovered four revolving moons around Jupiter which are named after him. He proved Copernicus right regarding his theory about the sun being the centre of the solar system.

Thomas Alva Edison:

Thomas Alva Edison was born in 1847. Edison patented a total of 1,093 inventions in his lifetime. Some of Edison’s designs are batteries, phonographs, cement, mining, telegraphs, lights and powers. He also improved the telephone made by Graham Bell and invented the Kinetoscope that was used for viewing moving films.  Edison is the mastermind behind the digital voting system with his electro-graphic vote recorder for the legislative of the parliament. He came up with ideas to preserve fruits by keeping them in a vacuum. Edison pioneered the concept for storage batteries that was later used by Henry Ford in his automobile.

Marie Curie Sklodowska:

Marie Curie holds the record for the first female to be awarded a Nobel Prize. She was an inventor and scientist who was born in 1867 and is an inspiration for female scientists. Curie invented the first mobile X-ray machine which helped to check the injured soldiers on the battlefield. She also created Radium and Thorium. She is called “The Mother of Atom Bomb” with her invention of the radioactive materials.

Nikola Tesla:

He was a Serbian born scientist, and he had immense knowledge in different fields of science and technology. He was born in 1856 and inspires modern-day geeks.  He could speak eight languages, recite a whole book entirely just with one reading, and make a device only by seeing it once and not writing down anything. He invented the alternating current motor and developed AC generation and transmission technology. Tesla also invented electric oscillators, meters, improved lights and the high-voltage transformer.

Albert Einstein:

Einstein is known as one of the greatest revolutionary scientists the world. He was born in 1879 and has some spectacular works in physics which even makes him the ‘Father of Modern Physics’ for his contribution in developing the general theory of relativity. Einstein’s theory of relativity revolutionised physics and challenged the scientists at CERN. His genius mind for the scientific advancement caused an immense change in the world. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1921 for his work on theoretical physics, and for his discovery of the photoelectric effect.